Gum Therapy

Gum disease is the leading cause of tooth loss.

Over half of the adult population suffers from gum disease like gingivitis and periodontitis, which when left untreated can cause tooth loss.

About Gum Disease

Gum disease, or periodontal disease is a bacterial infection of the gums that can spread into the bone and ligaments that hold the teeth in the jaw. When proper oral hygiene is not followed the bacteria in the mouth multiply, forming plaque which sticks to the teeth. These bacteria produce toxins, triggering inflammation as the body tries to fight off the infection.

Over time, the infection worsens if left untreated. The bacteria can spread to and damage the ligaments that support the teeth and jaw bone itself causing teeth to loosen and eventually fall out.

The common forms of periodontal disease are gingivitis and periodontitis.

Gingivitis is when gums become red and swollen, and will bleed easily during brushing, flossing and maybe even eating. At this point, the bacterial infection is only in the gums and hasn’t got into the bone.

Periodontitis is more severe than gingivitis, occurring when the ligaments and bone have begun to separate from the gum forming what is called gum pockets or periodontal pockets. Over time as more and more bone is lost these pockets deepen, allowing more bacteria to hide out of reach from your toothbrush. Once these pockets are deep enough the tooth will loosen and eventually fall out as there is not enough bone left to hold it into the jaw.

Treatment

Lasers are the tool for choice for modern dentists and periodontists to treat gum disease. Laser periodontal treatments are more comfortable than conventional hand scaling methods that use sharp devices to scrape out the gum area, meaning that with lasers – the patient may not need local anaesthetic and will recover faster with less pain and swelling following treatment.

Lasers allow for more precise treatment of the infected area, destroying the bacteria and the toxins they produce. Another advantage is that lasers have a coagulating effect which greatly reduces or completely stops the gums from bleeding during treatment.

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